This article seeks to investigate the two terms of IQ (Intelligence quotient) and EQ (Emotional quotient) and see how both of them can contribute to the benefit of an individual.
The Definition of IQ and EQ
Investigating the competency of IQ
Is IQ enough to guarantee success? – This question often arises because of the system in majority of schools wherein the factors of intelligence and achievement are commonly based on the score in standardized assessment tests.
One of the advantages of people with high IQ include the ability to handle work easily than others. Nevertheless, in real world situations such as that of being in a workplace, high IQ may not be enough, as EQ is also essential with regards to team work. A criticism of having high IQ and low EQ, especially on the part of teenagers include that of deceiving parents and other adults that they already a mature person whereas the inside reality reveals that they are still emotionally fragile. With this lack of emotional stability also comes the unpreparedness for adult responsibilities.
The Carnegie Institute of Technology conducted a research study wherein it shows that “85% of your financial success is due to skills in “human engineering”, personality, and ability to communicate, negotiate, and lead. Surprisingly technical knowledge only accounts for 15%.” The skills in “human engineering” is referred to by emotional quotient represented by skills that are personally driven such as empathy, leadership, communication, and etiquette and the technical knowledge is referred to by the intelligence quotient marked by hard skills learned such as reading, writing and mathematics. The study mentioned shows that both of the factors of IQ and EQ are crucial to success but EQ tends to have the contribution of a higher percentage.
Observing the Importance of EQ
Based on the definition of emotional quotient in the first part of this article, it can be seen that an individual who is highly emotionally intelligent are more self and socially aware, organized with managing their lives, and are in relationships that are healthy. These actions are brought forth because emotional intelligence enables one to touch his/her own emotions and that of others.
As we humans are created with both the rational and emotional mind, not only IQ is important but also EQ is because this factor guides us to control our emotional mind to make the right choices and avoid the negative consequences. Intellectual maturity should therefore come with emotional maturity as it is very crucial to going through the most important decision makings in life ranging from situations such as handling relationships, conflicts, criticisms, praise, and discipline.
Remove the “vs.” Between IQ and EQ
In my opinion, saying that IQ is more important than EQ and EQ is more important than IQ does not really help with regards to determining what is more important. To achieve success in life, both of these factors share their part of contribution and so both also have their unique significance to consider. Modern neuro-learning research such as that from Mary Helen Immordino Yang and other cognitive neuroscientists reveal that thinking and emotion WORK TOGETHER.
In conclusion, we should not debate whether IQ or EQ is more important as the truth from modern research reveals that the formula of both of these are crucial for the success of an individual. Today’s education may focus the most on IQ but the change that should probably have is to also pay attention to the important of the nurturing of the EQ of students.
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